[Fierce Fighters: 7 Secrets of Viking Seamen]In 1961, Helge Ingstad, the archaeologist who would excavate L'Anse aux Meadows, was guided to the pitfalls by a local man named Watson Budden.Ingstad thought it was likely that the Vikings had constructed the holes, but he didn't excavate them.In 2010, archaeologists surveyed and excavated the pitfalls.
Point Rosee Sarah Parcak, a professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and her colleagues spotted the so-called Point Rosee site in southern Newfoundland while scanning satellite imagery, and announced their discovery a few weeks ago.
The team found what may be a hearth used to roast bog iron, as well as a structure, of some type, made with turf.
Radiocarbon dating suggests that the site was used sometime between the ninth and 13th centuries.
These finds, the researchers say, suggest that Vikings may have used the site, though more dating information and excavation are needed to confirm that idea, they said.
Additionally, even if it is a Viking site, it's uncertain how long the Vikings lived there."I think that all of us would be in agreement in urging you to relay the preliminary nature of the findings — the unconfirmed cultural and period affiliations," said team co-director Gregory Mumford, who is also a professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Sop's Arm Another possible Viking site turned up after archaeologists investigated a series of peculiar holes in a small town called Sop's Arm near White Bay, about 120 miles (200 kilometers) south of L'Anse aux Meadows.Archaeologists say that these "pitfalls," which have been known to exist near the town, would have been used to trap large animals, such as caribou.Three archaeological sites that may have been used by Vikings around 1,000 years ago were excavated recently in Canada.If confirmed, the discoveries would add to the single known Viking settlement in the New World, located at L'Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of Newfoundland.Excavated in the 1960s, that Viking outpost was used for a short period of time around 1,000 years agoas well.Sagas from the time of the Vikings tell tales of their journeys into the New World, mentioning places named "Helluland" (widely believed to be modern-day Baffin Island), "Markland" (widely believed to be Labrador) and "Vinland," which is a more mysterious location that some archaeologists have argued could be Newfoundland.