Heraclius' decree remained in effect until the Muslim conquest of Jerusalem.
The Jewish tribe Kaibar defends itself against Muslim forces, negotiating a settlement in which half of their crops would go to Mohammed in exchange for peace.
Other Jewish tribes, including Fadattr, Tedma and Magna reached similar deals.
The Great Synagogue and the Great Library in Alexandria are destroyed as well as the entire Jeiwsh community of Cyprus. Hadrian renames Jerusalem Aelia Capatolina and builds a Pagan temple over the the site of the Second Temple. Judea (the southern portion of what is now called the West Bank) was renamed Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel.
Roman emperor Lucious Septimus Severus treats Jews relatively well, allowing them to participate in public offices and be exempt from formalities contrary to Judaism.
However, he did not allow the Jews to convert anyone Jewish Revolts against Rome in Cyprus, Egypt and Cyrene.
However, he did not allow the Jews to convert anyone St.
Cyril, the Bishop of Alexandria, champions violence against the city's Jews and incites the Greeks to kill or expel them.
Some Jews return within a few years, but many return only after the Muslims conquer Egypt.
Rebellion leader Mar Zutra usurps power from Kobad the Zenduk, establishing an independant Jewish state in Babylon that would last for seven years, until Zutra's forces defeated Zutra's army, killing him and instituted a harsh policy toward the remaining Jews.
While proselytizing Arabia, Muhammad captures the Banu Kurara tribe and forces the group of about 600 to chose between conversion and death.
After spending all night praying, all but three or four Banu Kurarans are beheaded.
Emperor Heraclius breaks his promise of protection to Jews, massacring any he found and forbidding them from entering Jerusalem.
Hundreds of Jews were killed and thousands exhiled to Egypt, ending the Jewish towns in the Galilee and Judea.