As Oxford zoologist Richard Dawkins famously wrote, “Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose.” Francis Crick, codiscoverer of the double-helix of DNA, wrote, “Biologists must constantly keep in mind that what they see was not designed, but rather evolved.” exegetical liability: Incongruities and disadvantages that result from misinterpreting a text.federal headship: Refers to the teaching that God chose the first man, Adam, to represent the entire human race such that on account of Adam’s sin, all of his descendants (i.e., all of us) are born spiritually dead in sin.
Darwinian Tree of Life: In The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin wrote, “All the organic beings which have ever lived on this earth have descended from some one primordial form.” The only illustration Darwin included in his magnum opus is what he called the “great Tree of Life” (see page 159) depicting the natural history of life from the universal common ancestor (root) to modern species. The amount of energy that can be used to do work in an isolated system always decreases through time.
The fact that the entropy of the universe increases over time implies that the universe came into being in the finite past.
evolutionary language barrier: Most intellectual disciplines develop a jargon or in-house language that can inhibit comprehension by those outside the discipline, but what is peculiarly ironic and telling about the rhetoric of evolutionary biology and related scientific disciplines is the ubiquitous reference to living organisms and their constituent parts (organs, cells, etc.) in terms of design and purpose, despite the evolutionist’s incessant denial that such design and purpose is not real but only apparent.
[Words marked with an asterisk (*) in the text of The Creation Answer Book are defined in this glossary.] alchemy: A medieval speculative philosophy and form of chemistry largely attempting to change common metals into gold and produce an elixir of long life.
Arabah: The hot and dry elongated depression through which the Jordan River flows from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea.
benighted: Being in a state of intellectual or moral darkness; ignorant.book of nature: A reference to general revelation, which is the revelation of God through the created order (see Romans –20; Romans –15; Psalm 19:1–4); does not include God’s specific plan to reconcile the world to himself through Christ (the latter being special revelation found only in the Bible).Cambrian Explosion (aka Cambrian radiation): As reflected in the fossil record, almost all of the animal body plans that have ever existed on earth abruptly appeared within the Cambrian period, about 530 million years ago.No traces of evolutionary precursors have as yet been discovered in the fossil record.As Oxford zoologist Richard Dawkins acknowledged, “It is as though [fossils] were just planted there, without any evolutionary history.” The difficulty this poses for the theory of evolution plagued Darwin himself.common descent: The idea within biological evolutionary theory that all living things—humans, animals, plants, bacteria, etc.—descended with modification from shared ancestors.